Arteris Articles

Semiconductor Engineering: ISO 26262:2018, 2nd Edition: What Changes?

 Arteris IP's Kurt Shuler, vice president of marketing, delivers a recent update for the ISO 26262 standard in this blog in Semiconductor Engineering;

ISO 26262:2018, 2nd Edition: What changes?

February 7th,  2019 - By Kurt Shuler

The safety standard is now clearer for IP-based designs and those happening across multiple companies.

If you’re involved somehow in design for automotive electronics, you probably have more than a cursory understanding of the ISO 26262 standard. What your organization is working from is most likely the 2011 definition. The most recent update is formally known as ISO 26262:2018, less formally as ISO 26262 2nd Edition.

Standards should evolve, but what changed and why? I’ve been a member of the ISO 26262 working group for many years, and particularly involved in how it should be interpreted for IP, and I’ve got to tell you, I have struggled. 

From my perspective, it was originally written around an implicit expectation that chips are built from scratch entirely within one organization, and this is a dated assumption. There was also not enough guidance for IP-based design or design distributed across multiple companies or sites. The workaround for an IP supplier has been to use the Safety Element out of Context (SEooC) mechanism. But this depends heavily on human interpretation, by the component vendor on what may be relevant to the integrator and vice-versa, with little guidance from the 2011 version of the standard. I complained (whined?) quite a bit to the committee about these problems and they eventually invited me to the working group. I wasn’t the only one confused and other people joined, and we seem to have had an impact; our efforts have resulted in a lot more clarification, organization and practical examples in the latest standard. I think the new Part 11 of the updated standard provides a lot more detail and useful examples for us in the semiconductor and semiconductor IP industry.

For more information about ISO 26262:2018 Part 11, download the 39-slide Arm TechCon presentation titled, “Fundamentals of ISO 26262 Part 11 for Semiconductors,” by Arteris IP Functional Safety Manager Alexis Boutillier and ResilTech Scientific Advisor Dr. Andrea Bondavalli, or watch my very popular SemiEngineering “Tech Talk: ISO 26262 Drilldown” video.

Topics: AI chips semiconductor AI automotive neural networks ML AI SoC Designers flexnoc ai package noc interconnect ISO 26262 certification

SemiWiki: Why High-End ML Hardware Goes Custom

Kurt Shuler, VP Marketing at Arteris IP,  provides more insight into what's happening in this highly dynamic space in the latest SemiWiki blog written by Bernard Murphy (SemiWiki):

Why High-End ML Hardware Goes Custom

January 30th, 2019 - By Bernard Murphy

In a hand-waving way it’s easy to answer why any hardware goes custom (ASIC): faster, lower power, more opportunity for differentiation, sometimes cost though price isn’t always a primary factor. But I wanted to do a bit better than hand-waving, especially because these ML hardware architectures can become pretty exotic, so I talked to Kurt Shuler, VP Marketing at Arteris IP, and I found a useful MIT tutorial paper on arXiv. Between these two sources, I think I have a better idea now.

Start with the ground reality. Arteris IP has a bunch of named customers doing ML-centric design, including for example Mobileye, Baidu, HiSilicon and NXP. Since they supply network on chip (NoC) solutions to those customers, they have to get some insight into the AI architectures that are being built today, particularly where those architectures are pushing the envelope. What they see and how they respond in their products is revealing.

You can learn more about what Arteris IP is doing to support AI in these leading-edge ML design teams HERE. They certainly seem to be in a pretty unique position in this area.

 For more information, download this FlexNoC AI Package datasheet; http://www.arteris.com/flexnoc-ai-package

Topics: semiwiki kurt shuler NoC semiconductor AI chips flexnoc ai package noc interconnect ML-centric design accelerators

Semiconductor Engineering: Chasing Reliability In Automotive Electronics

 Arteris IP's Kurt Shuler, vice president of marketing has authored a paper about ISO 26262 and comments in this article;

Chasing Reliability In Automotive Electronics 

January 15th,  2019 - By Susan Rambo and Ed Sperling

Supply chain changes, resistance to sharing data and technology unknowns add up to continued uncertainty.

"Traditional semiconductor vendors who are making or designing chips to enable autonomous driving applications are nowadays sometimes competing with Tier-1 electronics system designers and OEMs, who may be making their own chips or providing explicit requirements to their semiconductor vendor partners. Additionally, new entrants like Uber, Way and Apple are designing their own complete systems, despite their relative lack of experience in the automotive industry. ISO 26262 mandates high levels of collaboration and information sharing throughout the value chain that may be unfamiliar to new entrants."

The ISO 26262 standard is snapshot of issues and the lengths the whole supply chain has to go. Collaboration is key. Communication is part of the safety standards up and down the automotive safety critical supply chain now. It’s built into the standards.

Sharing knowledge of a supplier’s crown jewels—intellectual property—has to happen among suppliers and auto OEMs. “Participants in the semiconductor and software supply chains are usually secretive about how their IP was developed and how it works in detail,” said Shuler. Suppliers should remember that the “your customer still has an obligation to confirm your compliance with ISO 26262.”

To learn more, please download this technical paper, Fundamentals of Semiconductor ISO 26262 Certification: People, Process and Product.

Topics: AI chips semiconductor AI automotive neural networks ML AI SoC Designers flexnoc ai package noc interconnect ISO 26262 certification

Semiconductor Engineering: AI Chips: NoC Interconnect IP Solves Three Design Challenges

 Arteris IP's Kurt Shuler warns that regular topologies, large chips, and huge bandwidths are considerations in AI-centric chips in the date center.

AI Chips: NoC Interconnect IP Solves Three Design Challenges  

January 10th,  2019 - By Kurt Shuler

New network-on-chip (NoC) interconnect IP is now available for artificial intelligence (AI) systems-on-chip (SoC). Arteris IP launched the fourth generation of FlexNoC interconnect IP with a new AI package.

The new NoC technology benefits emerging AI chip architectures in three main ways: automatically generating regular topologies, effectively managing the data flows of large chips with long wires and enabling large on- and off-chip bandwidths.

To learn more, please visit the FlexNoC AI Package page; https://www.arteris.com/flexnoc-ai-package and the Resources page: https://www.arteris.com/resources

Topics: AI chips semiconductor AI automotive neural networks ML AI SoC Designers flexnoc ai package VC-Links synchronous virtual channels noc interconnect